Target UPSC prelims 2019: Daily MCQs #20

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Oracle IAS, the best coaching institute for UPSC/IAS/PCS preparation in Dehradun brings to you daily MCQs.

1. Consider the following statements with respect to National Human Rights Commission (NHRC):
1. It is a statutory and non-constitutional body.
2. The Chairman should be a retired judge of the Supreme Court.
3. The Chairman and members are appointed by the President on the
recommendation of a committee headed by the Prime Minister.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
a. 2 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

2. Consider the following statements with respect to Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC):
1. It was established through the Tehran conference.
2. Its headquarters is located in Vienna, Austria.
3. Kuwait is the latest country to announce its withdrawal from OPEC from January 2019.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
a. 2 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 1, 2 and 3
d. None of the above

3. Consider the following statements with respect to Geographical Indications (GI) tag
1. GI is a collective intellectual property right, whereas patents and trademarks are owned by an individual or a business entity.
2. “
The tradition begins here” is the new tagline introduced for GI in India.
3. Tendu leaf beedi of Odisha has recently been granted a GI tag.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are
correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

4. Consider the following statements with respect to Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme:
1. SHC is a printed report containing the status of soil with respect to 12
parameters.
2. SHC will also indicate fertilizer recommendations and soil amendment
required for the farm.
3. It is being implemented through the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
a. 3 only
b. 1 and 2 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

5. Consider the following statements with respect to River Ganga:
1. Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers meet at prayag and take the name Ganga
afterwards.

2. Penganga, Kali and Gomti are the tributaries of River Ganga.
3. River son is the important Southern bank tributaries of Ganga.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
a. 3 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answers

1. c
It was established in 1993 under a legislation enacted by the Parliament, namely, the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. This Act was amended in 2006.
The chairman should be a retired chief justice of India, and members should be serving or retired judges of the Supreme Court, a serving or retired chief justice of a high court.
The chairman and members are appointed by the president on the recommendations of a six-member committee consisting of the prime minister as its head, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, leaders of the Opposition in both the Houses of Parliament and the Central home minister.

2. a
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference in 1960 by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
Its headquarters is located in Vienna, Austria.
Qatar has announced its withdrawal from Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) from January 2019 and focus more on the production of natural gas.
It makes Qatar first Gulf country to leave OPEC bloc of oil-producing countries led by Saudi Arabia.

3. a
The essential difference between GI and other intellectual properties (IP) is that, GI is a collective intellectual property rightand is thus owned by all the producers within the defined GI territory while the IPs like patent
and trademark are owned by an individual or a business entity
.
Recently, Minister for Commerce and Industry has unveiled a beautiful tricolour logo that is common for all Geographical Indications (GI) with an equally impressive tagline ―Invaluable treasures of Incredible India‖.
Tendu leaf, a Minor Forest Produce (MFP) used to roll beedi (the poor man’s cigarette), is the financial lifeline of the forest tribes of central India.
After the implementation of GST, 18% GST is levied on Kendu (Tendu) leaf. This has led to a drop in selling price of Kendu leaves.
The drop in selling price of Kendu leaves has adversely impacted the implementation of social security and welfare schemes for Kendu leaf pluckers, seasonal workers and binding workers engaged in this trade.

4. b
Soil Health Card (SHC) is a Government ofIndia’s scheme promoted by the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
It is being implemented through the Department of Agriculture of all the
State and Union Territory Governments
.

5. a
Dev prayag is one of the Panch Prayag (five confluences) of Alaknanda River where Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers meet and take the name Ganga.
Pranhita River, one of the major tributaries of R.Godavari is the combined flow of Wainganga, Penganga, Wardha.
River son is the important southern bank tributory.


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