UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #13

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice 

Q1) In many ways lord Dalhousie was the maker of modern India. Explain. (125 words)

    कई महीनों में लॉर्ड डलहौजी आधुनिक भारत का निर्माता था| समझाएं

Q2) Write a short note on Raja Ram Mohan Roy. (125 words)

      राजा राममोहन राय पर एक संक्षिप्त टिप्पणी लिखें|

Ans 1. Lord Dalhausie came to India in 1848 and pursued the ‘Doctrine of
Lapse’ with determination. He annexed many native states(Jhansi, Satara,
Udepur etc.) to enlarge the area under direct control of British. He annexed
Awadh on charges of maladministration. When he left in 1856, he had more or less spread British Empire to its maximum extent. The political map of India remained unchanged until independence.
Apart from this, the railways, a great unifying force that also helped start
industrialisation of India, also started during his tenure(1853). The telegraph line was also started by him. He also started a cheap and reliable postal service India. Thus, in many ways he was maker of modern India.

Ans. 2: Raja Ram Mohun Roy was a major social reformer, journalist,
educationist and first major leader of India during the renaissance in
Bengal(early 19th century). His contribution is as follows:-
1. He ran a successful agitation against the inhuman Sati custom and had it
banned in 1829.
2. For social reform, he established Brahmo Samaj(1828) where he advocated education for girls, widow remarriage, against child marriage etc. He was against idol worship and claimed to follow path shown by the Upnishads.
3. He established Hindu College in Calcutta for promotion of education.
4. For propagating his ideas, he wrote the book ‘Gift to Monotheists. and also brought out a news paper named “Samwad Kaumudi”.
Thus he was the herald of the modern age in Bengal and subsequently in India.

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #12

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice 

Q1) What are various dimensions of ethics?

    नीति शास्त्र के विभिन्न आयाम क्या क्या है?

Q2) A person who is unethical in public life can’t be honest in his private life do you agree?

      कोई व्यक्ति जो सार्वजनिक जीवन में अनैतिक है वह निजी जीवन में ईमानदार नहीं हो      सकता| क्या आप सहमत हैं?

  1. The various Dimensions of ethics are:

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #11

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice 

Q1) What is the Preamble of the constitution? What is its importance?

     सविंधान की प्रस्तावना से आप क्या समझते है? इसका क्या महत्व है?

Q2) What is secularism? How is Indian secularism unique?

       पंथनिरपेक्षता क्या है ? भारतीय पंथनिरपेक्षता किस प्रकार अलग है ?

  1. The term ‘Preamble’ refers to the introduction of preface to the Constitution. The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the ‘Objective Resolution’ drafted by Jawaharlal Nehru and adopted by the framers of the Constitution. It very well reflects the dreams and aspirations of the founding fathers of the Constitution.

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #10

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice 

Q1) What is the difference between physical policy and monetary policy? (125 words)

       राजकोषीय नीति और मौद्रिक नीति में क्या अंतर है?

Q2) What is the PPP model of development? List some examples. (125 words)

       विकास का PPP मॉडल क्या है ? उधारण दे| 

  1. Monetary policy and fiscal policy refer to the two most widely recognized tools used to influence a nation’s economic activity. Monetary policy is primarily concerned with the management of interest rates and the total supply of money in circulation and is generally carried out by central banks such as the RBI. Monetary policy can be further classified into quantitive tools egs Repo-rate, CRR and qualitative tools egs. Priority sector lending. Fiscal policy is the collective term for the taxing and spending actions of governments. In India, the national fiscal policy is determined by the executive and legislative branches of the government. Budget is the major instrument of fiscal policy.

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #9

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice

Q1) Discuss India’s nuclear doctrine. (125 words)

भारत के नाभीकीय सिधान्थ पर चर्चा करें |

Q2) What is the South China Sea issue? Discuss the UNCLOS verdict. (125 words)

दक्षिण चीन सागर मुद्दा क्या है|UNCLOS निर्णय पर चर्चा करें|

  1. India conducted first nuclear test in 1974 (Smiling Buddha) and then in 1998 and become a de facto nuclear power country. To alleviate the fear of the neighbour and show itself as a responsible nuclear power, New Delhi came out with its Nuclear Doctrine after Pokharan II. The two pressing theme of India’s Nuclear Doctrine are:
  • No first use
  • Credible minimum deterrence

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #8

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice

Q1) What was the dual system of government in Bengal? What were its effects? (125 words)

बंगाल में द्वैध शासन व्व्यवस्था से आप क्या समझते है? इसके क्या प्रभाव हुए?

Q2) The third battle of Panipat did not decide who will rule India but who will not. Explain. (125 words)

पानीपत के तृतीय युद्ध से यह निर्णय नहीं हुआ कि भारत पर कौन शासन करेगा बल्कि यह कि भारत      पर कौन शासन नहीं करेगा| समझाइए|

Ans. 1: The Dual System of Government in Bengal was started by Robert Clive in 1765 after the Company got Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. It meant that:- Continue reading “UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #8”

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #7

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #7

Q1) What was the Nehru report? (125 words)

   नेहरू रिपोर्ट क्या है?

Q2)Write a short note on Simon commission. (125 words)

  साइमन कमीशन में एक लघु टिपणी लिखें .

  1. The ‘Nehru report’ (1928) was a reaction to the humiliation caused by the appointment of all white commission – Simon commission. It was a memorandum outlining a proposed new dominion status constitution for India. It was prepared by a committee of the All Parties Conference chaired by Motilal Nehru.

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #6

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #6

Q1) ‘Families are foundation for inculcating values in a child’. Comment. (200 words)

  1. Family is the most important platform for a child to learn, especially during the early stages on one’s life. Many of beliefs and opinion are directly imbibed by an individual, from his family. We learn about the different social relations, responsibilities, religious ideas and codes of conduct from our family. It is often believed that a Mother is the first teacher. She plays a foundational, central and life-shaping part in the development of the child. A child gets the basic awareness, self confidence, self-satisfaction, principle of sacrifice and love from his mother. The deep emotional connection between a mother and a child ensures that the mother teaches her child all that is good.  A family is the home of values like- kindness, sharing, cooperation, love, friendship, generosity, compassion, responsibility and service. Thus, a family performs a very formative function in the society. It is only through the institution of the family that the cultural heritage of the society is maintained.

It is only in the family that the child learns to think about ‘Us’ instead of ‘Me’. Through the appreciation of good behaviour, and punishment for the bad behaviour, the child learns about the socially acceptable norms and values.  It is because of such significant role of the family that- when a family breaks, there can be blame, resentment, distress, and an emotional scar on the character of the child. A bad familial experience can serious hamper the development of the moral-mental capabilities of the individual. In fact, a significant number of the outlaws and criminals have been found to be coming from such broken families.

Q1) ‘परिवार एक बच्चे में संस्कारो की नीव है |’ चर्चा करें |

 

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #5

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #5

Q1) What is CPEC? What are India’s concern? (125 words)

Q2) Write a short note on RCEP. (125 words)

  1. The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a collection of large infrastructure projects meant to deepen economic ties between China and Pakistan. The CPEC will connect China’s largest province Xinjiang with Pakistan’s Gwadar port in Balochistan. It is a part of OBOR/BRI initiative of Chinese President Xi Jinping.

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UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #4

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #4

Q1) What is twin deficit? Explain. (125 words)

Q2) List the qualitative measures of credit control used by RBI. (125 words)

  1. A twin deficit occurs when a nation’s government has both a trade deficit and a budget deficit. A trade deficit, also known as a current account deficit, happens when a nation imports more than it exports, buying more from other countries and foreign companies than it sells to them. A budget deficit occurs when a nation spends more on goods and services than it makes through taxes and other financial gains.

Both the deficits are linked. Under heavy fiscal deficit government borrows from credit market and then from foreign sources. It will lead to appreciation of currency and exports become expensive while imports become cheaper. Thus, further fuelling the trade deficit. India suffers from a twin account deficit. Continue reading “UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice || UPPCS मुख्य परीक्षा – 2018 उत्तर लेखन अभ्यास #4”