Pakistan: The role of deep state in Pakistan’s politics #26

Syllabus: Mains Paper: 2 | International Relations

 'Imran Khan’s election victory is like old wine in a new bottle'. Analyse.

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Current Affairs summary 19 Aug

1. CAD to widen to 2.5% of GDP: Moody’s

• India’s current account deficit (CAD) will widen to 2.5% of the GDP in the current fiscal due to the higher oil prices that has been accentuated by rupee depreciation, Moody’s said. Continue reading “Current Affairs summary 19 Aug”

UPSC GS Daily MCQs: 20.08.2018

Oracle IAS, the best coaching institute for UPSC/IAS/PCS preparation in Dehradun brings to you daily MCQs. Answers would be updated in the evening.

Questions:

Q. Which of the following parts of the constitution is/are justiciable in nature?
1. Directive Principle of State Policy
2. Fundamental Duties
3. Fundamental Rights
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
Continue reading “UPSC GS Daily MCQs: 20.08.2018”

Current Affairs summary 18 Aug

1. Defence Ministry to rope in industry to leverage Artificial Intelligence

• The Defence Ministry will soon come up with a detailed roadmap on working closely with the industry on leveraging Artificial Intelligence – latest technology that emphasizes on creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans – in Armed Forces.

• A task force, headed by Tata Sons Chairman N Chandrasekaran to study use and application of AI in military, recently gave its recommendations, which has been converted into a Draft Executive Order. Consultation is underway with different wings of the Defence Ministry. Continue reading “Current Affairs summary 18 Aug”

Current Affairs summary 17 Aug

1. Falling rupee a double-edged sword for India, warn analysts

• India’s rupee hit fresh record lows amid warnings that benefits to exporters from a weaker currency would be offset by the higher price paid by Asia’s third-largest economy for oil. Continue reading “Current Affairs summary 17 Aug”

PIB summary 17 August

(1) Ease of Living Index to Empower Citizens

• Ease of Living Index launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs on 13th August 2018 has attracted wide public enthusiasm and provided an opportunity to Urban Planners, Municipal Authorities and public at large a baseline data for wider public debate. Continue reading “PIB summary 17 August”

BIAS AGAINST WOMEN #5

Oracle IAS, the best coaching institute for UPSC/IAS/PCS preparation in Dehradun (Uttarakhand), brings to you views on important issues.

Some facts

  • Social
  1. Census 2011 – rate of divorce of Muslim women is highest among all religious communities due to arbitrary triple-talaq.
  2. Around 30 % women married under the age of 18 years.
  • Economic
  1. Female work force participation rate is mere 29% as compare to 80% of Men. One of the lowest in the world.
  2. Women ownership is still 4% of the property.
  • Security (NCRB DATA)
  1. Crime against women: Domestic violence (cruelty by husbands and relatives) has the highest share in crime against women.
  2. Rapes – one in 100 victims is under 6 years of age
  • Political
  1. Women representation in the 16th Lok Sabha is mere 12.15%.
  2. ‘Sarpanch Pati’ culture.
  • STATUS OF WOMEN

As per the Census, 2011 the child sex ratio (0-6 years) has shown a decline from 927 females per thousand males in 2001 to 919 females per thousand males in 2011.

  1. Poor health status of women.
  • Iron-deficiency anemia in India is rampant among children below the age of three (78.9 percent) and women (55 percent)(NFHS).
  • As per Lancet report women in India are most vulnerable to breast cancer.
  • The MMR rate is still high with about five women die every hour in India from complications developed during childbirth.

2. Poor Education status

  • The rate is 65 % according to census 2011 while 82.14% for men.
  • The GER (Gross enrollment ratio) gap for higher education is still very high.
  • As per ASER, though the enrollment gap at primary school level has significantly decrease but the dropout rate for girls is still high.

 

3. Employment status

  • Majority of women are engaged in unorganized sector.
  • Women get paid less for their work as compare to men.
  • Feminization of agriculture

 

  • BIAS AGAINST WOMEN
  1. Legal
  • Personal laws biased against women eg triple talaq
  • State laws like age of women to marry is 18 yrs, less than men.
  • Marital rape not recognized.
  1. Gender violence
  • Female feticide at the time of birth.
  • Neglect of health and education while growing up.
  • Rape, stalking, voyeurism, acid attack.
    • Dowry harassment
    • Domestic violence (top in the list of violence according to NCRB data)
  1. Gender stereotyping
  • Objectification of women body by the media.
  • The glass ceiling e.g. Corporate are not complying with the rule of one independent women director according to Companies act. The belief that women cannot be good managers as they are too emotional.
  1. Religion
  • Religious text mis-interpreted and favors the male counterpart e.g. Women not allowed burning the pyre of parents. It sanctifies the inferior position of women.
  • At many place women not allowed to enter holy places egs. Sabarimala temple.

 

  • STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT
  1. Economic
  • Maternity leave increased from 12 to 26 weeks through Maternity Benefit Amendment Law to increase female work force participation rate.
  • Gender Budgeting : Mainstreaming of women agenda while allocating funds to different programmes through budget .
  • Steps for Economic empowerment of women like Promotion of SHGs (Aajivika), STEP ( for skilling of women ), MUDRA ( to provide easy loans to Women ) , Stand up India ( to promote Entrepreneur ship among women ).
  • Reservation in govt. jobs by various state govts.

2. Political/Legal

  • Reservation of seats in the PRI and ULB.
  • Criminal Amendment Act 2013 (Justice Verma committee)
  • Pam Rajput committee on status of women

3. Social

  • Beti bachao, beti padao; selfie with daughter etc. to help bringing change in the attitude of people towards girl child
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana encouraging people to save for the girl child.

 

  • WAY FORWARD
  1. Promoting Education and awareness among women about their rights. If they take up their issue, it would create deeper impact. e.g. Women took up the cause against Singnapur Shani temple and Hazi Ali Dargah entry ban.
  2. Change that comes from within the society is widely accepted. Hence, notion of gender equality should be promoted using COMMUNITY LEADERS and RELIGIOUS TEXTS.
  3. Upward Economic mobility of women: Economic empowerment leads to social empowerment and reduce economic dependence.
  4. Women Reservation bill that aims to reserve 33% of all seats in the Lower house of Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha, and in all state legislative assemblies for women should be passed.
  5. Gender sensitization training at every level of state apparatus, specially at lower level officials in police.
  • CONCLUSION

Though we have made gradual progress in improving the status of women through successful steps like SHG, improvement in education levels of women and progressive legislations, still a lot needs to be done to bring equality and justice to women.

Social change is gradual phenomenon. Reforms cannot be enforced by government and courts overnight if the society is not ready to accept them. They have to be nurtured through patient persuasion, enlightened leadership and personal examples.


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