Target UPSC prelims 2019: Daily MCQs #15

Oracle IAS, the best coaching institute for UPSC/IAS/PCS preparation in Dehradun brings to you daily MCQs. 

1. Consider the following statements about Chandrayaan- I:
1. It is an indigenous mission of India comprising an Orbiter, Lander and Rover.
2. It was the first to gather a definitive evidence of water in moon.
Which of the statement(s) is/ are true?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

2. Consider the following statements about Thalassemia:
1. It is an auto-immune disease.
2. The disease leads to the destruction of haemoglobin, which results in severe anaemia.
3. It is widespread among many tribal population groups in India.
Which of the statement(s) is/ are
not true?
a. 1 only
b. 1 & 3 only
c. 2 & 3 only
d. All of the above

3. Consider the following statements in the context of air pollution:
1. The Global Ambient Air Quality Database is an initiative of WHO which updates available global data on air pollution every year.
2. It is part of the Global Burden of Disease Project.
Which of the statement(s) is/ are true?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

4. Consider the following statements about Coking Coal:
1. It is characterised by a higher ash content and is mainly used in cement, fertilizer, and glass industries.
2. Jharkhand is the only state which produces coking coal in India.
Which of the statement(s) is/ are true?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

5. Consider the following pairs with respect to Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ):
1. The Environment Protection Act of 1986 made the MoEFCC the regulating authority of coastal zones in India.
2. The CRZ- I areas are ecologically the most sensitive areas where all economic activities are banned.
Which of the statement(s) is/ are true?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answers

1. b
Chandrayan- I was launched on October 22, 2008. It was a spacecraft that orbited the moon at a distance of 100 km. It had components that were built in USA, UK, Germany, Sweden and Bulgaria.
Chandrayan – II is the second mission to the Moon, and this is the totally indigenous mission comprising of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover.
Scientists have found frozen water deposits in the darkest and coldest parts of the Moon‘s polar regions using data from the Chandrayaan-I.

2. b
Thalassemia is a genetically transmitted disease (from one generation to the next).
Thalassemia results in the body producing an abnormal form of hemoglobin and destruction of RBC which leads to severe anaemia.
The sickle gene, causing sickle cell anemia resulting in similair abnormality in the oxygen-carrying capacity of haemoglobin, is widespread among many tribal population groups in India.

3. a
The ‘Global Burden of Disease Project’ is undertaken by Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), an independent population health research center, which is part of the University of Washington.

4. b
Coking coal is also known as Metallurgical coal.
It is used in manufacturing steel, where carbon must be as volatile-free and ash-free as possible.
Non Coking Coal is the one which has high ash content and is mainly used as thermal coal for power generation, and cement, fertilizer, glass, ceramic, and paper industries.

5. a
CRZ- I lie between low and high tide line. Exploration of natural gas and extraction of salt are permitted here.


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