UKPCS Answer writing practice Ethics #19

The most important and most neglected part for Civil Services Preparation is answer writing. It is not about HOW MUCH YOU STUDY but CAN YOU WRITE within word limit and time frame. After UPPCS daily answer writing practice, ORACLE IAS comes out with new initiative UKPCS DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE.

1)Ethics is a normative study of conduct or positive study. Discuss. (20 words)
नीति शास्त्र आचरण का नियामक अध्ययन है अथवा तथ्यात्मक अध्ययन| विवेचन कीजिए|
2)Elucidate the kind of values.(20 words)
मूल्य के प्रकारों को स्पष्ट कीजिए|
3)Why ethics is related to rational human life only? Discuss briefly. (50 words)
क्यों नीति शास्त्र केवल चिंतनशील मानव जीवन से संबंधित है? संक्षिप्त विवेचना कीजिए|
4)Discuss emotional intelligence as a trait of human personality. (50 words)

  1. 1. Ethics is normative study of conduct as it is based on ideals/norms on which human conduct is evaluated. Moreover, ethics is prescriptive in nature rather than descriptive (positive study).
  2.  Values may be classified as:
     Instrumental: Dependent on the consequences or the outcomes.
     Intrinsic: Independent of outcome, good in itself.                                                     They may also be divided into personal and collective values, absolute and relative values etc.
  3. The virtue of Rationality means the recognition and acceptance of reason as one’s only source of knowledge and guide to action. Morality is the application of reason to discover the proper guide to our human conduct. This arises from the fact that there are competing goods available to man in decision making i.e. many choices are available. And choices are hinged on powers of reason that man has and help us in arriving at choice worthy conduct of behaviour. The good for man has to be rationalized unlike animals.
  4. All attitudes which have their base in moral conviction are called moral attitude. It is a reflection of perceiver’s fundamental beliefs about right and wrong. Moral attitude may be relative i.e depend on society, culture, family, religion and time.egs General Dyer who’s responsible for the Jalianwalla massacre was considered as a brutal immoral officer by Indians but at the same time he was given a heroic welcome in Britain. However, certain moral attitude is universal that includes values like integrity, truthfulness, purity etc.

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