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Indian Poultry Sector
Poultry is one of the fastest growing segments of the agricultural sector in India today. While the production of agricultural crops has been rising at a rate of 1.5 to 2 percent per annum, that of eggs and broilers has been rising at a rate of 8 to 10 percent per annum. As a result, India is now the world’s fifth largest egg producer and the eighteenth largest producer of broiler.
Poultry utilizes substantial quantities of non-edible agricultural and industrial bi-products and converts into high quality nutritious protein rich food. It helps to bridge the gap between requirement and availability of high quality protein for the human population in the country. Eggs and poultry meat are the cheapest source of animal protein. Further, Poultry manure is one of the best alternatives for chemical fertilizers.
The sector provides a great employment opportunity. It is estimated that more than 2 million people are employed directly or indirectly in this sector. It is further estimated that an increase of one egg and 50 gms of meat per capita consumption would create an employment opportunity for about 25,000 and 20,000 persons, respectively. It is important to note that this sector provides employment to even unskilled labourers and women thereby providing income generation for the vulnerable group.
Organisation and Geographic Perspective:
The organized sector of the industry comprises of broilers, layers and breeding farms with logistics namely hatchery, feed mill, equipment manufacturer, feed supplements manufacturers, drugs and vaccine manufacturers etc. The broiler industry is well dominated in the Southern states of the country with nearly 60-70% of the total output coming from these States. The recent introduction of contract farming / integration has been playing a significant role in stabilizing broiler industry.
Diversification in Poultry:
Under diversification of poultry – turkey, duck, guinea fowl, quails and Emu farming has got lot of potential for sustained farming activity.
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