UPSC Daily Answer writing practice GS-2 #20

The most important and most neglected part for Civil Services Preparation is answer writing. It is not about HOW MUCH YOU STUDY but CAN YOU WRITE within word limit and time frame. After UPPCS daily answer writing practice and  UKPCS DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE, ORACLE IAS comes out with new initiative UPSC DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE.

‘Asymmetric agreements have been negotiated in settlement of a number of regional conflicts in India’. Analyse asymmetric federalism in context of India. (150 words)

‘भारत में कई क्षेत्रीय संघर्षों के निपटारे में असममित समझौतों की भूमिका रही है।’ भारत के संदर्भ में असममित संघवाद का विश्लेषण करें। (150 words)



What is Asymmetrical federalism and its need.


Pros and Cons


Include only if word limit not exhausted.

Model Answer:-

In Indian constitution, federalism is a basic feature. However certain states have different rights under Indian system. This is due to differing historical, political and geographical reasons. This includes constitution articles under 370 and 371 as well as Special Status and provision for Scheduled Areas etc. This is termed as asymmetric federalism.


  1. This assuages local demands and helps them integrate into mainstream.
  2. Custom made solutions for the states having unique problems and aspirations.

Thus we have let the Nagas rule themselves according to their customs, mandated inner line permit in certain areas and restricted sale of land in some areas. But these also have some cons:-

  1. It may lead to sub national identity formation and sometimes secessionist tendencies.
  2. There may be a clash between individual and community rights.(e.g.: Art 35A militated against right to equality of women and 371 stopped laws such as RTE, RTI etc. in J&K. Art 371A also clashed with women rights in Nagaland.

Asymmetric federalism may be a necessary evil in a multicultural diverse society like India, but the scope of it should be carefully and continuously evaluated.