The most important and most neglected part for Civil Services Preparation is answer writing. It is not about HOW MUCH YOU STUDY but CAN YOU WRITE within word limit and time frame. After UPPCS daily answer writing practice and UKPCS DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE, ORACLE IAS comes out with new initiative UPSC DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE.
'NGOs present the social side of democracy'. What are NGOs? What are the major challenges faced by them? (250 words) 'गैर सरकारी संगठन (NGOs) लोकतंत्र का सामाजिक पक्ष प्रस्तुत करते हैं'। एनजीओ (NGOs) क्या हैं? उनके सामने प्रमुख चुनौतियां क्या हैं?
- What are NGOs?
- Mention the challanges
- Can mention the FCRA Act and government tightening of the regulation.
A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a not-for-profit organization that is independent from states and international governmental organizations. They are usually funded by donations but some avoid formal funding altogether and are run primarily by volunteers. NGOs play a very important role in the entire development process. They have a unique connect with grassroots and hence, play an important part in making development inclusive.
Challenges facing NGOs
1. Transparency and accountability are key ingredients of Governance in the NGO Sector as these determine operational efficiencies and risk mitigation. The NGO sector is yet to evolve any institutionalized framework, which could potentially play an important role in overall development of the nation.
2. Of late, some of the local and national NGOs have been found involved in malpractices and acting irresponsibly, thus undermining the credibility of civil society. It’s a huge concern and poses a great challenge to the development movement spearheaded by NGOs in the country.
3. Recently, the Union Home Ministry has identified some NGOs as security threat to the country. Such security considerations have underscored the rising need of improving the governance practices in the Indian NGOs and exercising better regulatory mechanisms, disclosure norms, and management processes including financial management and budgeting
systems as well.
4. Lack of Funds: Many NGOs find it difficult to garner sufficient and continuous funding for their work. Gaining access to appropriate donors is a major component of this challenge.
5. Poor Governance and Networking. A lack of effective governance is all too common in NGOs. Many have a deficit of understanding as to why they must have a Board and how to set one up. A founder may be too focused on running the NGO for their own purposes; however, governance is foundational to transparency.
‘don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater’
The government is trying to weed out corrupt NGOs by strengthening the FCRA Act. However, the government should be vigilant enough to not target honest NGOs that have contributes to the development of the nation.
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