UPSC Daily Answer writing practice GS-2 #51 (UPSC CSE 2019 GS-2 question 1)

The most important and most neglected part for Civil Services Preparation is answer writing. It is not about HOW MUCH YOU STUDY but CAN YOU WRITE within word limit and time frame. After UPPCS daily answer writing practice and  UKPCS DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE, ORACLE IAS comes out with new initiative UPSC DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE. 

Do you think that constitution of India does not accept principle of strict separation of powers rather it is based on the principle of ‘checks and balance’? Explain. (Answer in 150 words) (UPSC CSE 2019 GS-2)

क्या आपके विचार में भारत का संविधान शक्तियों के कठोर पृथक्करण के सिद्धांत को स्वीकार नहीं करता है, बल्कि यह नियंत्रण एवं संतुलन के सिद्धांत पर आधारित है? व्याख्या कीजिए।


Operative word: ‘Explain’ i.e. bring out the basic idea clearly.
Approach:
Intro:  
Mention three branches: Legislative ,executive, and judiciary.

Define separation of powers’ presented by Montesquieu. It is a principle followed in the USA.

Body: Give supporting arguments for the statement:

> In India, we represent a contemporary approach to the doctrine of separation  of power. There is no strict separation both in principle and practice. Since the executive is a part of the legislature.
> Define principle of checks and balances: While different organs perform there functions without interfering with each other but keep a tab on the misuse of power by other organ.
The interdependence of 3 on each other to ensure effective governance.

  • Judiciary check on executive and legislature: Art 13, judicial activism and overreach
  • Executive check on judiciary: Appointment/removal of judges
  • Legislature check on executive: PAC, Various parliamentary devices- question hour, zero hour etc.


Conclusion: Write about current trends.  Judicial appointments issue, smooth functioning of parliament issue/ parliamentary logjam.

UPSC answer writing


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