The most important and most neglected part for Civil Services Preparation is answer writing. It is not about HOW MUCH YOU STUDY but CAN YOU WRITE within word limit and time frame. After UPPCS daily answer writing practice and UKPCS DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE, ORACLE IAS comes out with new initiative UPSC DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE.
1)“The central administrative tribunal which was established for redressal of grievances and complaints by or against central government employees nowadays is exercising its power as independent judicial authority.” Explain. (150 words) (UPSC CSE 2019, GS 2)
केन्द्रीय प्रशासनिक अधिकरण जिसकी स्थापना केन्द्रीय सरकार के कर्मचारियों द्वारा या उनके विरूद्ध शिकायतों एवं परिवादों के निवारण हेतु की गइ्र थी, आजकल एक स्वतंत्र न्यायिक प्राधिकरण के रूप में अपनी शक्तियों का प्रयोग कर रहा है। व्याख्या कीजिए।
2)What are the methods used by farmers organisations to influence the policy makers in India and how effective are these methods? (150 words) (UPSC CSE 2019, GS 2)
भारत में नीति निर्माताओं को प्रभावित करने के लिए किसान संगठनों द्वारा क्या-क्या तरीके अपनाए जाते हैं और वे तरीके कितने प्रभावी हैं?
1. Operative word: ‘Explain’
Intro: Define Administrative tribunals. Mention Art 323A and 42nd Amendment. Write purpose of ATs. No need to write
composition or more detail as this is to be written in limited words.
Mention that many members of CAT are from outside judiciary so, rather than a legalistic approach, they take a practical
view of the matter.
CAT is not bound by Code of Civil Procedure but is guided by the principles of natural justice
It directs the executive in matters of recruitment, service and retirement etc.
Its orders can be challenged in HC and SC.
Conclusion:.Write a conclusion on lines of how CAT has different procedures and wide mandate over certain area, so it is
enjoying judicial power, but as is its not independent in two matters:- one, its members are appointed by CG and two, its
orders can be appealed against. You can also mention some judgement of the SC – Chander Kumar (1997), NCLT (2010)
Oracle IAS previous question on similar lines:
‘Tribunalisation of courts opens vistas for interference of executive in judiciary’ Do you agree that tribunals go against separation of power doctrine? Give arguments. (250 words)
2. Operative word: ‘What’ and ‘How’
Intro: Write a short note on farmers movement post independence.
Mention issues: remunerative farming, insurance, market access to foreign players, land acquisition etc.
• Mass mobilization by rallies, strikes, obstruction of transport and dharnas. Write examples.
• Lobbying using pressure groups for favourable laws and policies: two private Bills — Farmers’ Freedom from
Debt Bill, Guaranteed Fair and Remunerative Prices Bill and Swaminathan Report etc.
• As a vote bank
You can mention farmer organisation like BKU, Shetkari Sanghatana.
• Success after independence land reforms, revenue, abolition of zamindari etc.
• Subsidies continue: water, electricity, fertilizer etc.
• Restricted market access even now to developed countries
• Insurance schemes, govt programmes like doubling income etc.
Conclusion: Need for sustainable and climate change resistant agriculture, where these organisations can play a vital role
in involving bulk of farmers in govt initiatives. You can mention new techniques like zero budget natural farming.
Moreover, the government measures have only benefited only large farmers. The need of the hour is that the subsidies reach the marginal farmers. You can mention DBT and JAM.
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