UPSC Daily Answer writing practice GS-2 #54 (UPSC CSE 2019 GS-2)

The most important and most neglected part for Civil Services Preparation is answer writing. It is not about HOW MUCH YOU STUDY but CAN YOU WRITE within word limit and time frame. After UPPCS daily answer writing practice and  UKPCS DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE, ORACLE IAS comes out with new initiative UPSC DAILY ANSWER WRITING PRACTICE. 

1. Despite consistent experience of high growth, India still goes with the lowest indicators of human development. Examine the issues that make balanced & inclusive development elusive. (150 words) (UPSC CSE 2019, GS 2)

उच्च संवृद्धि के लगातार अनुभव के बावजूद, भारत के मानव विकास के निम्नतम संकेतक चल रहे हैं। उन मुद्दों का परीक्षण कीजिए, जो संतुलित और समावेशी विकास को पकड़ में आने नहीं दे रहे हैं।


2. There is a growing divergence in the relationship between poverty and hunger in India. The shrinking of social expenditure by the government is forcing the poor to spend more on non- food essential items squeezing their food budget- Elucidate. (150 words) (UPSC CSE 2019, GS 2)

भारत में निर्धनता और भूख के बीच संबंध में एक बढ़ता हुआ अंतर है। सरकार द्वारा सामाजिक व्यय को संकुचित किए जाना, निर्धनों को अपने खाद्य बजट को निचोडते हुए खाद्येतर अत्यावश्यक मदों पर अधिक व्यय करने के लिए मजबूर कर रहा है। स्पष्ट कीजिए।


1. Operative word:  Examine – discuss all aspects.
Intro: India ranks 130/189 in UNDP’s HDI, a measure of health, education and income i.e. overall human development. It is reflected in:

Education: You can quote ASER report and PISA report.

Health: You can quote the HUNGAMA report, TB capita, Double burden of malnutrition, hidden hunger, Asian enigma etc

Body:

Reasons:
1. Social:

a. Low status of women and discrimination against  minorities and other marginalized section

b. Huge population is a burden

c. Illiteracy and lack of awareness among the masses about government initiatives and their rights.

2. Economic:

a. Low government spending on health (~1.2 % ofGDP)) and education (~3% GDP).

b. High level of income inequality. Reflected in increasing Ginni index and also highlighted in the Oxfam report.

c. Lack of structural transformation of economy. People stuck in low skilled and low paying jobs.

3. Admin:

a. High level of corruption and leakages in government schemes.

b. Lack of people’s involvement in policy implementation.

4. Miss:

a. Focus on curative rather than preventive healthcare and low insurance penetration.

b. Lack of skill labor.

c. India is most vulnerable to climate change disaster.

Conclusion

The need of hour is successful implementation of government schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Swachh Bharat, Make in India, and initiatives aimed at universalizing school education and health care  etc.


2. Operative word: Elucidate.
Intro: Start the answer how poverty and hunger relationship in India is getting diverged.
Poverty and hunger are usually interrelated but in India poverty has been decreasing since last two decades and is around 22%( as per 2011-12 Tendulkar committee estimates). However, India’s performance in the Global Hunger Index report has been deteriorating (2017 – 100th/119, 2018 – 103/119).


Body :
 Reasons
a. Less spending on education: National education policy-2019 stressed up on increase in public spending from current level of around 3% to 6% of GDP. Even poor opting for private education.
b. Less public spending on health{according to Srikant Reddy Committee}: Around 70% of healthcare expenses in India are met by out of pocket expenditure by the individual. More incidence of NCDs.
c. Less spending on elderly age people in terms of pensions, healthcare etc.
d. Spending on social security net for poor e.g. pensions, insurance etc. is low.

e. Frequent destruction caused by climate change has led to increased expenditure on non-food items.


 Conclusion
 Need to increase spending on Poshan Abhiyan, Ayushman Bharat etc. Moreover, ‘one nation- one ration card’ needs to be implemented in priority.


 

 

UPSC Daily Answer writing practice


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