UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice
What is secularism? How is Indian secularism different from western secularism? (125 words)
धर्मनिरपेक्षता क्या है? भारतीय धर्मनिरपेक्षता पश्चिमी धर्मनिरपेक्षता से कैसे अलग है?
The principles of secularism includes:
- Separation of religious institutions from state institutions and a public sphere where religion may participate, but not dominate.
- Freedom to practice one’s faith or belief without harming others, or to change it or not have one, according to one’s own conscience.
- Equality so that our religious beliefs or lack of them doesn’t put any of us at an advantage or a disadvantage.
Western model of secularism separates the state from religion (sarva dharma nirpeksh). State neither supports religious activities nor interferes in private religious practices. Some countries like France took a tough stand and have prohibited overt display of religious symbols in public places.
India secularism is more inclusive and positive (sarva dharma samana bhava). The state follows the following policy:
1. First, it uses a strategy of distancing itself from religion. The Indian State is not ruled by a religious group and nor does it support any one religion. egs. No religious teaching in government schools.
2. The second way is via policy of non intervention. This means that in order to respect the sentiments of all religions and not interfere with religious practices. egs. Allowing Sikhs to carry kirpan.
3. The third way is via policy of intervention. egs banning tripple talaq, untouchability etc.
Answer in Hindi will be updated by tomorrow.
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