UPPCS Mains- 2018 Answer writing practice #44

UPPCS Mains- 2018 answer writing practice

Discuss the various areas of judicial reforms that need to be undertaken in India. (125 words)

भारत में न्यायिक सुधारों के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों पर चर्चा की जानी चाहिए। (125 शब्द)

Model Answer

A few key areas which require urgent judicial reforms are:
>Judicial manpower:
o Shortage of judges– India has 19 judges per 10 lakh people on an average, according to a Law Ministry data which also states that the judiciary faces a combined shortage of over 6,000 judges, including over 5,000 in the lower courts itself.
o Judicial appointments- are marred by opacity, vagueness and alleged nepotism in it.

>Judicial functioning
o Judicial backlog– Over 3 crore pending cases in India, as per National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG).
o Judicial corruption– backlog of cases creates opportunity for demanding bribes, the court personnel can be paid to slow down or speed up a trial, or dismiss a complaint.
>Judicial infrastructure- Lack of district and other lower courts, lack of digitally enabled courts etc.
>Increasing government litigation– 46% of all litigation across courts were cases or appeals filed by State or Central governments.
>Criminal justice system reform is needed as propounded by Malimath committee in 2003.
>Police lacks training for scientific collection of evidences and also police and prison official often fail to fulfill their duty leading to long delays in trial.

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