UPPSC-UPPCS Mains- Answer writing practice #57

UPPSC/UPPCS Mains- Answer writing practice

Discuss the role of SHGs in empowerment of women. Also state the initiative taken by the government for SHG promotion. (200 w)

महिला सशक्तिकरण में एसएचजी की भूमिका पर चर्चा करें। साथ ही एसएचजी पदोन्नति के लिए सरकार द्वारा की गई पहल के बारे में बताएं। (200 w)


Model Answer

SHGs are voluntary associations of self-governed, peer controlled, informal group of people with similar
socio-economic background having a desire to collectively perform common purposes. They have played
a key role in women empowerment in India, especially rural India as:

> Provide financial inter-mediation solutions for unbanked rural women.
> Provide a platform for collective bargaining for women rights and accessing loans.
> Provide women with knowledge, finance, power and opportunity- all necessary for women
empowerment
. For e.g. SEWA
> They inspire women to become vocal members of their community

>SHGs also educate women regarding maternal, newborn and child healthcare

>SHGs also promote community development through distribution of funds, resources and technical
assistance.
> SHGs are transforming bleak villages suffering from malnutrition and poverty into thriving
communities.

Government initiative:

The government has promoted SHGs through a 3-tiered architecture of community institutions at group, village and cluster levels through both Central schemes such as Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission and State government initiatives such as Kudumbashree in Kerala and Jeevika in Bihar as well as promoting SHGs through dedicated autonomous organisations i.e. State Rural Livelihoods Missions or SRLMs. Other initiatives include:
> Ministry of Rural Development is supporting the organisation of exhibitions by SHGs under the brand
name SARAS.
> E-Shakti is a pilot project of NABARD for digitization of Self Help Groups (SHGs).


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