UPPSC/UPPCS Mains- Answer writing practice
What is ethical dilemma? How does it test an individual’s character when it comes to making a contentious decision? (200 w)
नैतिक दुविधा क्या है? जब कोई विवादास्पद निर्णय लेता है तो किसी व्यक्ति के चरित्र का परीक्षण कैसे करता है? (200 w)
Ethical dilemma arises when there is ambiguity about goodness or badness of an act. A situation where one has to take a decision between moral imperatives, none of which is unambiguously acceptable or preferable is called an ethical dilemma. It requires a choice between competing sets of principles in a given, usually undesirable or perplexing situation. A person may find herself/himself in ethical dilemmas in personal and professional life due to conflict of interest or conflict between personal values and professional ethics; blurred or competing accountabilities etc.
Ethical dilemma reflects not merely a choice between competing interests and values but also a test of strength of one’s character as:
· Resolving ethical dilemmas requires a robust framework of integrity. Often people are required to act in public interest at the expense of personal interest, which requires dedication and honesty and an ability to resist temptation for personal gains.
· Similarly courage, humility, prudence, optimism and determination are necessary character traits as regards resolving ethical dilemmas.
· A strong personal character provides for the ability to identify important issues, determine priorities and sort out competing values.
· Ethical standards do not by themselves ensure ethical behavior. Personal integrity is required to ensure ethically compliant behavior. For instance corruption is a direct manifestation of failure of one’s ethics.
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