UPPSC/UPPCS Mains- Answer writing practice
Discuss the lives of lives of people in Indus Valley Civilization as discerned by the artifacts discovered. (200 words)
सिंधु घाटी सभ्यता में लोगों के जीवन के बारे में चर्चा करें जैसा कि पता चला कलाकृतियों से है। (200 शब्द)
The Indus Valley Civilization (approximately 2500-1700 BCE) was a bronze-age urban civilization in parts of modern-day Pakistan and Northern India. The various aspects of their life may be discerned from
various artefacts linked with Indus Valley sites:
· Sculptures: Many prominent sculptures such as bronze statue of a dancing girl, steatite images of a bull, priest etc., reflect a refined sense of knowledge of techniques like cire perdue (lost-wax casting).
· Seals: Around 2000 seals made of steatite and copper, which carried images of ox, bull, unicorn etc. and inscriptions were discovered. Seals were also used in trade and as amulets.
· Pottery: Pottery was mostly made of red clay and was both plain and glazed. Black polished ware has also been found. Potter’s wheel was extensively used.
· Clothing, cosmetics and ornaments: Wool and cotton spindles have been found. Also, Indus people used cinnabar cosmetics, kohl, etc. Further, beaded necklaces used by men and women were found at Lothal. Even the dead were buried with ornaments.
· Religion: People worshipped Mother goddess, Lord Pashupati, trees and animals.
· Trade: Most trade was done through the barter system. Indus people knew the use of wheel, navigation etc. and had commercial links with Mesopotamia, Afghanistan, etc.
· Pastime: Toy carts, bird and animal figurines were made for children. Archaeologists have also found cube dice with six sides and spots.
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