Prelim questions — Polity and International affairs 

1.  Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in 

a) Federalism
b) Democratic decentralisation
c) Administrative delegation
d) Direct democracy

Ans 1 —

Solution (b)

1. The Local Self-government is an inevitable part of this democratic administrative system.
2. In
third world countries the matter of development is considered in the context of people’s
participation and control over the administration system.
3. The local self-government possesses political autonomy. The political ideal
that exists in democratic decentralization is reflected in the local self-government.

2. Consider the following statements about Environment Management Group (EMG)

1. It is a United Nations (UN) System-wide coordination body on environment and
human settlements.
2. It is chaired by the Executive Director of UN Environment (UNEP)
3. IMF and ILO are members of the group

Select the correct statements
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above

Ans 2.

Solution (d)

1. The Environment Management Group (EMG) is a United Nations (UN) System-wide
coordination body on environment and human settlements.

2. It was established in 2001

3. The EMG membership consists of the specialized agencies, programmes and organs of the 
United Nations including the secretariats of the Multilateral Environmental Agreements.

4. The group is chaired by the Executive Director of UN Environment (UNEP) and supported by
a secretariat provided by UN Environment .
The EMG identifies issues on the international environmental agenda that warrant
cooperation, and finds ways of engaging its collective capacity in coherent management
responses to those issues.

5. Representatives of intergovernmental bodies, civil
society and international non-governmental organizations can be invited to contribute.

3. The purpose of the inclusion of Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian
Constitution is to establish:

a) Political democracy
b) Social democracy
c) Gandhian democracy
d) Social and economic democracy

Ans 3 —

Solution (d)
1. The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) has been borrowed from Irish
2. It is  enumerated in Part IV (Article 36-51) of our constitution.

3.  The concept
behind DPSP is to establish a ‘Welfare State’ rather than a ‘Police State’ such as of colonial
era. In other words, motive behind inclusion of DPSP is to establish social and economic
democracy rather than Political democracy.

4. These are the basic principles or instructions to
government while formulating laws/policies and executing them.

4.  Mekong-Ganga Cooperation Project is

a) An irrigation project involving India and Myanmar
b) A joint tourism initiative of some Asian countries
c) A hydroelectric power project involving India, Bangladesh and Myanmar
d) A defence and security agreement of India with its eastern neighbours

Ans 4 —

Solution (b)
1. It comprises six member countries, namely
India (Look-East connectivity projects), Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam.
2. The four areas of cooperation are tourism, culture, education, and transportation.
3.  The
organization takes its name from the Ganga and the Mekong, two large rivers in the region.

Hemant Bhatt

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