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FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT Management has been defined as a process of getting things done through others. Thisprocess is identified in a set of functions performed by managers to accomplish goals. A manager is thus someone who defines, plans, guides, helps out, and assessesthe work of others, frequently people for whom the manager is accountable in an organization.
The main function of manager are:
PLANNING : According to Terry and Franklin, “planning is selecting informationmaking assumptions concerning the future to put together the activitis necessary to achieve organizational objectives.” Planning includes both broadest view of the organization, e.g., its mission, and the narrowest, e.g., a tactic for accomplishing a specific goal.
ORGANIZING : Organizing is the classification and categorization of requisite objectives, the grouping of activities needed to accomplish objectives, the assignment of each grouping to a manager with the authority necessary to supervise it, and the provisions for coordination horizontally and vertically inorganization structure. The focus is on separation, coordination, and control oftasks and the flow of information inside the organization. It is in this Function that managers allocate authority to job holders.
DIRECTING : Direction is telling people what to accomplish and seeing that they doit to the finest of their capability. It includes making assignments, corresponding procedures, seeing that mistakes are corrected, providing onthejob instruction and, of course, issuing orders.
STAFFING:Staffing requires recognition of human resource needs, filling theorganizational structure and keeping it filled with competent people. Recruiting,hiring, training, evaluating and compensating are the specific activities included in the function.
CONTROLLING : Control is the course of action that measures present performance and guides it towards some predetermined goal. The quintessence of control lies in checking existing actions against some desired results determined in the planning process.