Prelims questions — History and culture.

Question 1 –.

The first to start a joint stock company to trade with India were the
a) French
b) Portuguese
c) Dutch
d) Danish

Solution (c)
It was the Dutch East India Company to start a joint stock company to trade with India.

Question 2 —

 Status of classical languages has been given to which of the following languages?
1. Marathi
2. Kannada
3. Odia
Select the correct statements
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) Only 3

Answer 2 —

Solution (b)
As of now, six languages i.e. Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia and Sanskrit have
been given the status of classical languages.

Question 3 —

Consider the following statements Bhima Koregaon battle
1. It was one of the battles of Second Anglo-Maratha War
2. The Peshwa faction was led by Peshwa Baji Rao II in the battle
Select the correct statements
a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer 3  —

Solution (b)
1. The Battle of Koregaon was fought on 1 January 1818 between the British East India
Company and the Peshwa faction of the Maratha Confederacy, at Koregaon Bhima.

It was during the Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817–1818)

Question 4 —

During the freedom struggle, Aruna Asaf AIi was a major woman organizer of
underground activity in

a) Civil Disobedience Movement
b) Non-cooperation Movement
c) Quit India Movement
d) Swadeshi Movement

Answer 4 —

 Solution (c)
1. On 8 August 1942, the All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India resolution at the
Bombay session. The government responded by arresting the major leaders and all
members of the Congress Working Committee and thus tried to pre-empt the movement
from success.

2. Young Aruna Asaf Ali presided over the remainder of the session on 9 August
and hoisted the Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan. This marked the commencement
of the movement.

3.  Aruna was dubbed the
Heroine of the 1942 movement for her bravery in the face of danger and was called Grand
Old Lady of the Independence movement in her later years.

4. Despite absence of direct
leadership, spontaneous protests and demonstrations were held all over the country, as an
expression of desire of India’s youth to achieve independence.

Hemant Bhatt